- Posted by The Ontaryan
A Dark Outlook
The subject of "Europe Today" is not one to be approached with equanimity. It does not attract one's soul nor does it fill one with inner joy. We contemplate the image of
To speak of today's
The picture presented by today's
The uneasiness which has invaded our era and the uncertainty in which we live is being sustained by the Communist menace. Until the Iron Curtain is removed, every free European engaging in the reconstruction of his own dwelling and country will be haunted by the question: will those houses and factories still be in their place tomorrow, and if they be there, having escaped destruction, will they still be- long to those who built them? This factor of uncertainty insidiously penetrates the atmosphere of our time, spoils the joy of living and frustrates the reward of all our labours. From the Russian steppes there are advancing the shadows of death to pursue the gigantic constructive effort put up by Western man.
The symptom of the European crisis deserving most concern is undoubtedly the fact that free Europeans should have become used to living with only one half of the body of their Continent, after having, with an astonishing lightheartedness, abandoned its other half to Soviet imperialism. They do not feel incommodated any longer by the amputation thus suffered; they do no longer perceive their infirmity. Today's
The passing of
The peoples of
Being compelled to pay such a bloody tribute to history, the peoples of
The annihilation of the creative liberty of these Eastern peoples is not to be regarded as their exclusive liability. The shackling of their national genius by the Communists is a fact which impoverishes and disorganizes the cultural destiny of
The peoples of
That which the peoples dominated by Communism are creating today in the cultural sphere does not express their intrinsic equation and no longer bears the imprint of
What Does the
In this dispute between Orient and Occident, joined on themes which have no immediate significance, for they are related either to the past or the future, it is not easy to realize bow unenviable our position is. The sacrifices made by the Eastern peoples, their tormented past, the future of European culture - these are all arguments a little too suave to be apt to shake the indifference of the West and to induce it to do something for the countries subjugated by the Soviet Union. That is why we must make a deeper incision below the surface into the very substance of the West, in order to reveal to it how vulnerable
a) The Illusion of an Enduring Status Quo
The fact that Eastern Europe has passed under Soviet domination does not represent a loss merely local in character, a diminution of territory and population for which compensation could be found by establishing a new balance of power, as that redressing phenomenon has so often emerged in the history of our Continent when powers alien to Europe (e.g. Arabs or Turks) carved chunks out of its body. The situation which the West will now have to bring under control is a fundamentally different one. The
This rule does not, however, apply to the
To speak of an enduring status quo in relation to the
This statement of fact is not meant to acquit the Russian people of all guilt. Communism has exploited the messianic leanings of the Russian people who are beginning to feel complacent in this unnatural symbiosis, forgetful about the fact that they are only a raw-material in the service of Communism. Also, the Russians, while victimized by Communism, are a privileged victim. The day on which the Russians return to the community of the free peoples, they will have to repudiate not only Communism but also their imperialistic tendencies which gave support to that doctrine.
b) The Loss of World Leadership
Another consequence of the
There is a close connection between European dominions overseas and the political state of
It was this imperative necessity which engendered the formula of the European balance of power. That principle became an axiom of the for- eign policies pursued by States which had interests to protect on other continents. The prime interest of the Western Powers, and particularly that of
The Crimean war was launched because
The same considerations induced
Only once in their history did the Western Powers deviate from that principle -while in alliance with the SovietUnion- and mournful consequences ensued. By accepting the division of
The position the Western Powers find themselves in is all the more critical as they are enggaged in a struggle against the forces of a world revolution. The enemy immobilizing them on the European Continent is identical with the one who attacks them in their colonies.
Communist strategy has forged for itself two principal weapons with which to destroy the old order-class warfare and the nationalism of the coloured races. Either is used according to the circumstances peculiar to the ground on which the struggle happens to be taking place. In
We do not propose to defend colonialism. All peoples have a right to live freely. Nor can the winding-up of colonial rule be brought to a halt any more. What must, however, be the preoccupation of all Europeans are the conditions under which the political emancipation of the peoples of
If we take the trouble to examine the political transformations wrought in Asia, we cannot fail to be struck by an even stranger fact; the politic- al emancipation of the coloured races renders no service to those indigenous populations either, who are supposed to benefit from it.
The peoples having freed themselves of the yoke of colonialism are losing their national liberty once more for the benefit of world Communism. At an astonishing rate of speed, the nationalism of the coloured ra- ces is being converted into Communism. While these peoples had still been under European domination, the Communists incited them to rise against white man, invoking the natural right of any people to take its destinies into its own hands. No sooner, howewer, have they obtained their political independence than the agents of Communism begin to change the tune of their propaganda. In lieu of nationalism, which does no longer serve their purposes, their agitation introduces a new ferment into the lives of these peoples - class warfare. The social order in the countries concerned facilitates the Communists' task. The feudal struc- ture of society, on the one hand, and capitalist exploitation introduced by the West, on the other, provide a fertile breeding ground for Marxism in its purest form.
The Asiatic nations do not as yet know what to use their newly gain- ed
The Western nations, for their part, have not taken any precautions to forestall this danger. They have as yet not worked out any plan aiming at the internal consolidation of the emancipated countries. After having bared their European flank- thus giving proof of their complete lack of foresight - they have committed grave mistakes in
c) In the Tow of Extranean Forces
Finally what part does that fringe of
If, on the other hand,
There are certain Europeans who, when confronted with the disastrous balance-sheet of the second world war, react with a haughty attitude. They absolutely refuse to admit that the
In order to really establish such a position for herself,
The Spiritual Disintegration of
Having been smitten by defeat after defeat on a large scale over the last ten years or so, one would expect the Western peoples to react healthily and generate within themselves an almost superhuman tension with which to overcome the Communist peril. Any nation may well be taken by surprise and, therefore, make mistakes, but it would be the sign of total decrepitude if it failed even to make a gesture of mobilizing its means of defence. Only an organism deprived of the normal functioning of its nervous system or shaken by fever can be insensitive to pain and refuse to fight disease.
Yet in what sort of state do we find the West European Powers? The symptoms of convalescence do not appear, nor is the expected reaction being produced. Against the danger of Communist invasion no resist- ance is being organised. Steeped in complacency,
This blindness in the face of danger is equivalent to a paralysis of the western nations' vital resources and bodes ill for the future of
The disintegration of the European mind reveals itself clearly frorr the examination of the following groups of fact:
I. The Western countries are tolerating the legal existence of the Communist Party even though they know the danger it represents to their internal tranquillity. Nothing prevents the Communists, either in law or in fact, from taking over legally, should the majority of the people vote them into power. The coexistence of democracy an communism has in the West Eu. ropean countries become an acknowledged fact which no longer troubles the conscience or arouses doubt as to the principles of Parliamentary government. Moreover, since the heads of the political parties are at pains even to affirm that the Communist's presence in public life constitutes an evil which, however, cannot be eliminated so long as the electorate insist on sending them to Parliament, the only thing that remains to be done is to challenge them at the polls. No justification is found for infringing democratic liberties in order only to chase the Communists out of the political arena.
This kind of reasoning is faulty from a number of viewpoints.
1. The State has the right of proceeding against those, in the event of their taking power, would destroy its existing foundations.
2. Every form of government aims at establishing the public weal. If, however, a certain way of using democratic liberties should result in the opposite, jeopardizing the vital interests of a nation, would political leaders still be justified in invoking those liberties? Could such democratic principles politically prevent a stop being put to activities which clearly undermine the foundations of a nation ?
3. The communist parties are not national parties. Their centre of gravity is to be found in
4. Wherever she exercises her influence, Soviet Russia suppresses the democratic regimes by the most brutal means. While in the West the communist parties are enjoying every kind of political liberty, in the countries occupied by the
5. In the event of war, the communist organisations will become battle formations. Communist partisan units will begin to operate behind the front-lines of national armies, thus rendering precarious their position in the rear. By according the Communists full liberty of propaganda and action, the Western Governments are but facilitating enormously communist preparations for the advent of the decisive moment.
6. The great American democracy has adopted certain measures of defence against communist infiltration into the State and in so doing has not bothered excessively about certain formal elements of the democratic creed. Why, then, should not the Western Powers, directly menaced by the
7. Finally one more objection. Why had not the Western countries displayed similar zeal in the safeguarding of democratic principles when they were proceeding against nationalist forces? Why the rigid strictness of yesterday against the nationalists and the exces- sive tolerance today of the communists?
II. In contrast with the urbane manner in which the communists are treated - as though they were the most perfect gentlemen in the world- Westerners are displaying a scorn only thinly veiled toward the political refugees from the other side of the Iron Curtain. Normally, a spontane- ous relationship of solidarity should have established itself between the victims of Communism and the forces of the West who pretend to be anti-Communist. For a common destiny ties them together. After all, the picture which these Eastern refugees present is by no means far remote from the fate that might befall the Western peoples tomorrow; the tidal wave of terror which beats against the Eastern countries at the present time may well descend upon the West one fine day, compelling its inhabitants to take the road of exile. Being threatened by the Communists from the rear, the Western peoples have no earthly reason to consider themselves more fortunate than those refugees.
On the other hand, those refugees could prove valuable auxiliaries to the West in its struggle against Communism, for the former have gathered experiences in which the latter are utterly lacking. A multitude of reasons - humanitarian as well as political and military - would thus seem to warrant the West's receiving the emissaries of the peoples subjugated by the Bolsheviks with the greatest solicitude and the liveliest interest.
The Eastern refugees note with bitterness that yet another invisible Iron Curtain separates them from the Western peoples. The poliþical and psychological climate which reveals itself to the refugees is alien to their grief. While they had still been in their homelands their imagination, whipped up by suffering, promised them to find a Western world turned into one huge armed camp drawn up in line of battle. But instead of a heavily charged atmosphere, capable of generating great decisions, they find a flippant and carefree world which is not preoccupied even with its own existence.
Anti-Communism as practised in the West is a farce. Discouraged and humiliated, the refugees must ask themselves why they had removed themselves from the fight actually going on in their respective homelands. They are the carriers of a message. They have left behind a world where heroism and martyrdom ennobles life at every step - a world which, ignoring the disillusionments suffered through long years of waiting, has not yet lost its trust in the West and refused to bargain with the enemy. What clay, what spiritual substance are these Western peoples made of that they should be able to contemplate unmoved the sufferings of millions of other human beings, and not even draw from the tragedy of the Eastern countries the inferences forcibly relating to their own fate?
In the lack of understanding for the problems of the Eastern refugees there is reflected a deficiency of the Western soul. Animated, as they actually are, by this miserly, petty bourgeois spirit, they could hardly win the battle against Communism. Those who today refuse to face the Communist danger in a virile fashion shall tomorrow cringe in front of the Soviet hosts, begging for a mere piece of bread or an hour of liberty.
III. The Western world has been contaminated by Marxism. The doctrine which has engendered Communism and which continues in- vigorating its revolutionary impulses incessantly, is being publicly professed by individuals and political groups alike who pretend to be its adversaries. This is a fact of exceptional gravity for it spreads confusion, and it is confusion on the ideological front that prevents the political and military front of the free world from consolidating.
Communism is pursuing the fight to submit to its rule all peoples in the name of an ideology. Whith its final victory a new conception of life will have triumphed in to world. Communism is but Marxism inaction - Marxism in quest of its historical realization. Therefore, the first defen- sive measure to be adopted by the free world should be its complete ideological separation from Communism. The doctrine of the West must necessarily be given a keen edge. There should be no more dealings with Marxism. All ideas of a Marxist origin are ferments ultimately destructive to the free world. What anti-Communism represents as a positive reality, what its actual contents are, is comparatively difficult to define. It is easier, however, to give a clear indication of what it must not be under any circumstances lest it bring upon itself utter destruction: anti-Communism is a repudiation of Marxism in all its aspects. Where the one begins the other ceases. They are two irreconcilable conceptions of life.
How could you combat an ideological adversary by borrowing his outlook on life? How can you hope to detect the ambushes laid by Communism when your mental equipment is functioning defectively? Communism cannot but benefit by ideological breaches opened in the Western frontline. The Communist revolution is advancing in a massive, vigorous manner, making many moves of encirclement and displaying much adroit adaptability but also extreme vigilance as regards the contacts it is compelled to maintain with the spirit of the free peoples.
IV. Another sign of the confusion rampant in the camp of free Europeans is the great ease with which they fall a prey to Communist propaganda. In this field the Communists have lately scored sensational results; they have succeeded in creating among free, non-Communist Europeans a feeling of animosity against those very Americans who guarantee their liberty. Overwhelmed with praise and protestations of gratitude by the Europeans only a few years ago, the Americans are beginning to figure on the list of
V. The Western Powers continue to be seated on the benches of UNO side by side with Soviet Russia without feeling embarrassed in this sinister company. The presence of the
If the Western Powers really respected their signatures affixed to the United Nations' Charter, they could not tolerate one minute longer the presence of Soviet Russia on that forum. x_'y refusing to take note of the transgressions perpetrated by the
VI. The free Europeans, being spiritually deficient, are seeking satis- fication compensating themselves in the material sphere; they seem to imagine that economic efficiency will rid them of the inconvenience of Communism. The economic progress of
In Soviet Russia, as well as in the countries subjected to Communist rule, economy is subordinated to the strategic interests of world Communism. Soviet economy in its entirety has been organised to serve the campaign conducted far the subversion of the free world and, eventually, war. At the same time, economy in
This nefarious Western cult of economic materialism we find illustrated in a perfect manner by the European Coal and Steel Community and East-West trade.
It has been attempted to unify
The various movements calling themselves European have become entangled in their own ideas because neither of them did take into account a factor which plays a more important part in the lives of peoples than food, clothing or shelter - the state of the soul. Rivalries between peoples have their roots deep down in their souls. They will not simply disappear in return for material benefits. No nation will renounce its soul for economic advantages. In order to induce the peoples of
Commercial exchanges between East and West have been intensified recently thanks to the same mercantile mentality which has corrupted the soul of
Moreover, Soviet Russia is also drawing political benefits from the increased volume of its commercial exchanges with the West. Western public opinion tends to believe that the Communists are not as evil after all as the anti-Communists describe them. It is thought that the Communists could be lured into mutually fruitful exchanges; that trade pacts would in due course be followed by political agreements and that, in the end, it would be possible to readjust world politics altogether by discontinuing the cold war and the armaments race. Needless to mention the depressing effect which all this intensification of East-West trade would have on the populations of the countries subjugated by Soviet power.
VII. Any national community may be beset by a wide range of dangers arranged in a hierarchy of varying grades of gravity. This order of gravity cooresponds to a given situation, and any arbitrary modification of that order can entail serious consequences to the nations concerned. The leaders of a nation are worthy of the position they hold only if they perceive correctly the order of gravity of the dangers likely to interfere with the life of the community entrusted to their care and if they stagger the external policies of their country in conformity with that more remote perspective.
In present-day circumstances the principal danger to all free countries is represented by one and the same Power, Soviet Russia. All other dangers which may affect the interests of one or other Western country are secondary only in relation to that threat. It is only logical, therefore, so long as no satifactory solution has been found to the Communist problem, that the external policies of these countries should be revolving round that unknown factor. All other policies are running counter to reality.
It must be stated that the natural order of dangers menacing the free nations is not being correctly assessed by the West European community.
VIII. The neutralist tendencies, which seem to be gaining ground in the politics of the Western countries, must also be charged against the spiritual disintegration of
Formally, the West European Powers are integrated within the Atlantic community; nevertheless, they are separated from
The threat of war does not, in the view of the Europeans desirous to avoid that war, emanate from Soviet Russia alone: they are fearful in an equal measure lest
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation, inasmuch as it has so far manifested itself, rather seems to have assumed the function of making the Americans the prisoners of other Powers' decisions. The clauses of the Pact put the
The Atlantic Pact is functioning today to the advantage of the
The Cold War
-the Communist movement, bowing to the law of all revolutions will lose its initial harshness in order to enter upon a more benevolen phase. Its internal climate will be modified so as to draw closer to tha of the Western democracies. The answer: prognostications have been made so often about a pos sible "evolution" of Russian Communism; so often have radical trans formationE been taken for certain only because of the misleading effec of minor relaxations or tactical changes on the part of the Communis regime that we can no longer afford to preserve these illusions; historic al experience forbids us to do so.
-the subjugated peoples will rise against the Communist regime and overthrow it.
The answer: absolute terror such as rules supreme in Soviet Russi; annihilates all environments that might serve as a shelter for potentia centers of revolt. Discontent existing in the occupied countries canno coalesce into mass risings unless intervention from outside throws the machine of terrorism into confusion.
We should wait until a crisis occurs within the Russian Communist Party. The regime is threatened by rivalries inside the Party which set one group against the other. The answer: the Russian Communist Party demonstrated its solidity at the time of Stalin's death, The opening of the "succession" has not confirmed the hopes of those who believed that the disappearance of "the man of steel" would prove fatal to the regime. The new High Command is just as firmly embedded in the mechanism of the
- Economic difficulties will increase in number in Soviet Russia and bring the regime down in the end.
The answer: economic upheavals can iatally affect the stability of government only in countries with a free or semi-free economy. In
Many more of the speculations of this sort could be proffered, yet the result would always remain the same: what experience we have gathered so far in relation to Communist affairs forbids us to hope that the regime will be brought to a fall from within. This is not to say that there is no grain of truth contained in all these prophecies and calculations. The element of surprise cannot be excluded from history. Conscientious political leadership, however, cannot abandon itself to hazard with its hands tied. It is aware of its duty to intervene at all junctures with a maximum of effectiveness thus reducing the scope of fortune's play to a minimum.
Conjectures made as regards the Soviet Government's chances to maintain itself in power can at the best be employed only within the framework of awider plan, the planning of the cold war. When considered on the scale of such a plan, the probability of a failure of Communism for internal reasons may become interesting and even likely. But it is only in this context that it comes alive and is filled with reality. The political leadership engages in the cold war while keeping account of a multitude of hypotheses - such as the ones enumerated above - wihtout either of those depriving it of its initiative or condemning it to marking time. Thus the problem is shifted from one or other of these several conjectures justified by political logic on to the plane of their strategic utilization.
But, does such a master-plan exist?
It is a curious feature of Western politics that those responsible fo its conduct should not to this day have elaborated a plan of action relat ing to the cold war although that war has been on for over nine yers Provisional arrangements may work a year or two, but it is inexcusable that at the end of its ninth year no profile should yet have been giver to the cold war. A similar deficiency in general staff work does not exis within the Communist camp. The Communists are combining their moves in the field in conformity with the objectives they pursue. The Communists are conducting their cold war according to a masterplan. All actions taken by them are fitted into a vast perspective.
By contemplating what is happening in one camp and the other one arrives at a sensational statement of facts: the cold war is in reality waged by only one party, the Communist camp, while the other party the West, is merely enduring it. The latter is possessed of no strategic vision as regards the cold war. To every event it reacts separately Whenever the Communists encroach once more on the free world, the Western Powers improvise some means of defence, with the natural result that nearly always the engagement finishes to the advantage o1 the Soviet Union.
The Western Powers are acting on the consideration that too great risks are involved in retorting to Communist provocations with the force of arms. Therefore they have accepted the type of contest forced upon them by the adversary, i. e. the cold war. Quite apart from this not being the best solution, it would at least have been logical that, having allowed themselves to be engaged in it, they should have taken up the conduct of the cold war with all the consequences it implies. Firmness should have been displayed io this dangerous venture by moblizing all the means compatible with the nature and the limitations of that kind of warfare. It so happens that the cold war, like any other type of war, is being fought in order to be won and not merely to defer final decision "sine die".
The disappointment felt by Eastern refugees is due to the fact that the West does not cut an honourable figure even in this cold war; it is not prepared to discharge the obligations it has contracted. While reluctant to let it come to a shooting war, the West is showing itself reti- cent in the cold war as well. Nobody understands anything any longer. Or could it be that Western strategy is so subtle and impalpable as to resist all attempts at discerning its intentions?
The cold war is of a much more involved nature than war properly speaking. It is fantastically rich in widely differing aspects. Nothing could be more dangerors than trying to reduce it to a few simple lines. The theory of "containment" conceived by that illustrious American diplomatist, Mr. G. F. Kennan, is sinning by oversimplification. This theory takes into consideration but one single eventuality - the occurrence of a qualified act of aggression against the free world. Around the globe there are scattered a number of points, says Mr. Kennan, which, if taken in conjunction, constitute the vital frontier of the free world. Everyþime the Communists are trying to push beyond that limit, the forces of the free world must be set in motion in order to restore the previous situation. To every Communist pressure a counter-pressure of equal strength must be applied. The example to illustrate
This American diplomat's vision of the cold war is defective. First of all, he makes the mistake of suggesting to the West a defensive strategy. By "staying put" the West offers an enormous advantage to world Communism. The area on which its launching sites are situated - viz. the Soviet Union - is exempt from hostile incusions and thus the combative energies of that State remain completely at the disposal of offensive designs. But not even the defensive aspect of the cold war is viewed correctly by Mr. Kennan. Of all means that may serve the safe- guarding of the free world he takes into consideration only one, the rebuttal of direct aggression. How could Mr. Kerman's doctrine be applied to
Discriminations and limitations of this kind invalidate the strategy of the cold war. Its two principal aspects - the offensive and the defensive one - cannot be separated one from the other and must be treated with equal solicitude. To single out one sector is therefore arbitrary and harmful to him who does so. The West ought to identify all the vulnerable points of the Soviet system, and by turning them to good account should try to shake it internally. On the defensive plane it is necessary to discontinue once and for all the policy of the "open door". Communism should be treated in the Western countries with all the rigour imposed by the laws of war. The cold war is a venture much more serious than war in the proper sense of the word; it has already assumed proportions unparalleled in history. Its purview encompasses the whole globe. Everything, from what happens in the intimate circle of our acquaintances to the secrets of Soviet atomic industry; from the rising of an insignificant African tribe to the cotton crop in the
War or Capitulation
Let us suppose for the sake of argument that in a few months hence the Western Powers will recover a great buoyancy of spirit and decide to engage in a coordinated effort relating on the cold war all their moral and material resources.
That fact could not alter much with regard to the passive balance of forces as it exists today. It is too late forthat formula to be applied. It will no longer be possible to make up for the advantage gained by the
The phase of the cold war is no longer a paying propostion to the Western Powers while it is leading the Communists to certain victory. The cold-war race has already been lost by the West. This kind of warfare could have no other conclusion but the capitulation of
Apart from the time element, the West is handicapped in the cold war by another factor, too, the lack of an ideology. Even if the West did make a superhuman effort to catch up with the Soviet forces, the results would be just as precarious for the lack of that ferment which lends unity and coherence to isolated actions. The only ideology capable of organizing the anti-Communist front -nationalism- is detested by the West. By the term "nationalism" we do not necessarily understand extreme Right-wing parties but rather all political manifestations which are born out of the very depth of a nation, no matter what label they may be bearing. Therefore, from the viewpoint of both the time element and ideology there is only one conclusion to be derived forcibly: war alone can save the free world.
The "new look", however, does not modify the defensive position of the West. It is but a warning given to the
The cold war is the most lucrative business for the Soviet camp. The Communists wish for nothing better than to be left undisturbed in ibis profitable pursuit of theirs which brings them closer every day to the goal of world domination. A Soviet invasion of
War is the fatal danger to Soviet Russia as is the cold war to the Western Powers. The cold war leads to the capitulation of the West, the war to the catastrophe of world Communism. The free Europeans who find themselves quite close to the Iron Curtain and who are, therefore, in danger of being swallowed up by the Communist tide under the very eyes of the Americans, must now make their choice between war or capitulation. War or peace, war or peaceful coexistence are false alternatives. Peace and coexistence are but facets of the cold war which, in turn, is equivalent to the "suicide by stages" of the West.
As Burnham rightly observed, the war between the West and the
It was within their grasp to eliminate the danger, once and for all, by launching a new campaign and afterwards to dictate world peace, thus turning into reality the spirit and the letter of the Atlantic Charter. Why have not the Allies done so? It must be admitted that public opinion in their countries had not been prepared for such a turn-about of the battle fronts; but from there to the crowning of Stalin with undeserved laurels, by satisfying his exorbitant demands, was a far cry that cannot be justified by any valid explanation nor by any analogy in recorded history. The Allies' generosity has cost hundreds of millions of humans their freedom.
This act of capitulation underlying Western policies has become a school of thought latterly; it has been turned into a spirit of capitulation. Every time the West found itself in a state of tension in relation to the
Western statesmen usually justify tbeir forthcoming attitude towards the
The West's adventure in pacifism cannot end but in a holocaust of all peoples. In the beginning, the West had fed the flesh of the East European nations to the Soviet monster; later it diverted the Kremlin's appetite to the Asiatic masses. If this period of "peace" were to last another ten to fifteen years, there would be just enough time for the Western peoples to be entirely engulfed. He who still falls into extases at the sight of the peace dove, either belongs to the category of suspects or has lost the last shreds of dignity. For it is impossible to believe that any Western politicians could live so far remote from reality as not to be aware that co-existence spells the funeral of nations and states alike. Does it suit the book of the French, the British, the Germans or the Spanish that the price of a few decades of peace should be the Mongols' definitively establishing themselves in
Crisu Axente, a friend of mine who has been dead for some time, had been preoccupied with the idea of writing a book on "Peace Crimes", in which he intended to analyze the problem of the concessions arbitrarily made by the West to the Soviet Union. He regarded these concessions as liable to rank with the "crimes committed against humanity". Are we not led to think by the tragic situation in which all peoples find themselves to-day that there exists also a category of "peace criminals"? That is to say a kind of people who are busy prolonging the present state of affairs to a point where the
The defeatist activities of these "peace criminals" are all the more fraught with grave consequences as the free world has now only a very slender safety margin at its disposal. This very fact has recently been stated also by a Prince of the Church. Cardinal Spellman has said: "We are compelled to admit that the time at our disposal is fast running out. The realm of liberty has but receded for the last few decisive years; it runs the risk of receding even further if we do not put an end to our indifference and indecision as regards the Communist menace." (Speech on Dien Bien Phu, made in Paris, on May 20th, 1954). That safety margin, however, relates only to the war potential of the two adversaries. As to the cold war, the free world has already consumed its security margin a long time ago. If war broke out today, the West would still have every chance of winnig it. But if it continues hesitating, its safety margin will diminish until it disappears completely. Armaments will become evenly balanced. The Soviet stock of atom bombs will grow substantial enough to prevent the West from thinking of a war of salvation. At that stage, the Western world will have no option but resign itself to the slow agony of the cold war.
There is yet another question bothering the West. Supposing they were convinced of the necessity of waging war, how should they begin it if the
If there is a means to save the world from a new war without capitulation, it is precisely the decision to wage it. Confronted with the West's determination to shoulder the ultimate consequences, the Soviet Unions will be compelled to yield. Should
During the night of
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